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What is Considered Cohabitation in Colorado?


Divorce can be a complex and emotionally charged process, with various legal aspects that need to be considered. One factor that can significantly impact divorce proceedings is cohabitation.

Understanding Cohabitation

Cohabitation refers to the living arrangement in which two people who are not married, but in a romantic or domestic relationship, choose to live together as if they were spouses. While cohabitation is not unique to any particular region or culture, it has gained increased prevalence in recent years. Couples may choose to live together for various reasons, such as testing the waters before marriage, financial convenience, or simply for companionship.

However, when it comes to divorce, cohabitation can complicate matters. Colorado, like many other states, recognizes cohabitation as a factor that may affect divorce proceedings.

Cohabitation's Impact on Alimony

One of the most significant ways that cohabitation can affect divorce proceedings in Colorado is through alimony, also known as spousal support or maintenance. Alimony is a financial support payment made from one spouse to the other during or after a divorce. It is designed to help the financially disadvantaged spouse maintain a standard of living that is close to what they were accustomed to during the marriage.

In Colorado, if the spouse receiving alimony starts cohabiting with another person in a “marriage-like” relationship, the paying spouse may petition the court to terminate or modify the alimony payments. The key factor is that cohabitation must resemble a marriage in terms of financial support and shared living expenses. The court will consider factors such as whether the couple shares a residence, joint bank accounts, and if they present themselves as a couple to the public.

It's essential to understand that cohabitation alone is not a guarantee that alimony will be modified or terminated. The court will examine the specific circumstances of the cohabitation and make a determination based on the facts of the case.

The Role of Prenuptial and Cohabitation Agreements

To avoid disputes related to alimony and cohabitation, some couples opt to create prenuptial agreements or cohabitation agreements. A prenuptial agreement is a legally binding contract that outlines how assets and financial matters will be handled in the event of divorce or separation. These agreements can also address the issue of spousal support and whether it will be modified or terminated in cases of cohabitation.

Cohabitation agreements, on the other hand, are designed for unmarried couples who choose to live together and want to establish their rights and responsibilities. These agreements can specify the financial arrangements, property division, and the handling of alimony in the event of cohabitation or separation. Such agreements can provide clarity and minimize potential conflicts.

Child Custody and Cohabitation

Cohabitation can also affect child custody arrangements in divorce cases. In Colorado, the court's primary concern when making decisions about child custody is the best interests of the child. If one parent begins cohabiting with a new partner, the court may consider how this affects the child's well-being.

Factors that may be taken into account include the stability of the new living arrangement, the cohabitant's involvement in the child's life, and whether the cohabitation is causing any harm or disruption to the child's routine. Ultimately, the court will assess whether the cohabitation is in the child's best interests.


Whether you are the paying or receiving spouse, or if you are concerned about how cohabitation might affect your child custody arrangements, consulting with a family law attorney is advisable. They can provide guidance and representation to ensure that your interests are protected and that the court's decisions are fair and in line with the law. Ultimately, understanding the nuances of cohabitation and its legal implications is vital for anyone going through a divorce in Colorado.

At The Harris Law Firm, we specialize in family law matters, including cohabitation issues in Colorado. Our experienced attorneys can provide you with personalized advice and guide you through the legal process.

Contact us today to schedule a consultation and learn more about how we can assist you.

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